Centenary of the Great War

MASKS ON: Always aware of the threat of poison gas, two Diggers pose for their photo at the front line. Photo: The Digger’s View by Juan MahonyNewcastle Morning Herald transcriptions and Hunter Valley enlistment and death details for March 4-10, 1918.
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AUSTRALIAN RAIDSMr Gordon Gilmour, special correspondent on the West Front for the n and New Zealand Press Agency, reporting on Monday, says: “I saw a big batch of ns today, who are in training for a raid upon German positions, at a point where it is known that every blow is particularly harassing to the enemy.

The boys are taking a fiendish delight in the operation, proof of which is given by the fact that out of a body of troops exclusively from the New South Wales country districts and northern towns, three times the number required volunteered for the raid, such is the universal keenness to get a real slap at the Bosches. Among the most enthusiastic are many young arrivals, who have not yet had a real chance in the open. When I entered a hut full of chosen raiders behind the lines, the moment for action was drawing near on Sunday. Most had already taken the precaution of writing letters to those at home, leaving them to be forwarded in the event of mishap; but the hut resounded with laughter, despite which some were sleeping soundly, and others playing cards. There was not a gloomy man among them. Having made up their minds for the job, and being determined to carry it through thoroughly, they had learned every detail by heart, so that a mistake was impossible. Now they awaited the order to go forward, and were supposed to be resting, yet some outside were exuberantly kicking footballs. Indeed, the whole team of raiders seemed to regard the event much like a football match. Those men were not recruited by promises of rewards. They explained to me that they only wanted an opportunity to kill Fritz, because a Newcastle man added:- “It’s got to be done, if we are to get back to before we are old men.”

When General Birdwood addressed the group of raiders as “cobbers” he was proud of, they were pleased, but listened stolidly to the reference to their bravery. They did not think it brave. It was just a job, and a job worth doing. Earlier successful slaughtering raids made them eager to participate. The raiders included several Gallipoli men and others who had been three times wounded.

CARDIFF MAN IN FRANCEMr McRae, of Cardiff, has received the following letter from his son, Corporal Norman McRae, dated from Rhyl (Wales) Military Hospital, December 31, 1917: “Tomorrow is New Year’s Day, and to me it will be a lot different to the one I experienced 12 months ago. Then I was up to my knees in water and mud, with shells whizzing about, but this time – well, you know what civil life is; and that is practically what it is for us now. I have often made up my mind, since I got wounded, to let you know a little about my experiences in France, I don’t suppose you will know, but, at the time I went to France there was a whole division (3rd), including artillery, engineers, pioneers, A.M.C., etc., went across, so you will see that we were all fresh troops, hardly any of whom had ever seen a shell. We landed in France on the 22nd November, and on the 27th we were in the firing line, having relieved an English regiment, in front of Armentieres. We stayed there until two days before Christmas, when we were relieved by our next brigade. We marched back to a small village a few miles from one of the most important towns on the Western front. Our parcels and mail arrived on Christmas Eve, and you can imagine with what delight they were received. I was lucky enough to receive my first mail from home. We had a fortnight at this place, then marched to “Jesus Farm,” on the way back to Armentieres. From this time (19th January), right up till June, we were constantly moving from one sector to another, until we reached “Ploegsteert Wood” (or Plugstreet as the boys call it). This place was recognised as one of the liveliest places along the front at the time. This wood once belonged to King Albert of Belgium, and before the war must have been a wonderful place. As it was, the place was still beautiful, and hardly knocked about at all. However, it was full of guns, as preparations were going on for an offensive. On the night of June 6th we left __, about four miles behind the line, in battle order, to march up to the line, with a full knowledge of what we were going for. At 3.10 amon the 7th, we “hopped the bags,” after the explosion of 19 gigantic mines, the like of which I had never heard before, and don’t want to hear again. It was awful. We didn’t meet much opposition, but what we did meet was finished in the usual style. We managed to hold what we had taken, and were relieved after putting in three days of hard work. We were given a fortnight’s rest after this to recuperate and receive reinforcements, which were badly needed. After this spell, we “hiked” our packs back once more to the line, to the scenes of Captain Bairnsfather’s first sketches. This was just behind Messines. It wasn’t very long before we went into the line again, but it was 36 days before we got out again. Of all the bad days I have had on active service, I think those were by far the worst. We were under shell fire all the time. Night after night we had to wear gas masks, for old Fritz strongly believes in his gas shells. After this little lot, we were given two months’ spell. During this time I got my stripes. From this place we went to Winnizeele, some miles behind Ypres, and after four days’ rest were taken up in motor lorries to the line. We went into Zonnebeke, and put in a week. There were no trenches, only shell-holes half full of water. It was some place; both sides continually shelling. When we came back to Winnizeele, there was many an old face missing. We only stopped here a couple of days, and then once more motor lorries carried us back to Ypres, sadly under strength. We put up in tents for a night, and then once more prepared to go over the top. This was on October 11th. At 5.25 a.m., 12th October, after a night of constant rain and shelling, we hopped over, with Passchendaele Ridge as an objective. No sooner had our barrage opened than a veritable hail of bullets rained on us. We struck bogs, and trees joined together with wire, through which we had to force our way. On safely getting through this lot, I must have resembled some of the chaps who patronised the ‘Dudley Express’ (miners’ train). I was covered in mud from head to foot. We had to fight our way right to our objective, using both rifle, bayonet and bomb freely. I managed to stay the distance, but was wounded shortly after arriving. To this day I can’t remember how I managed to get back to the dressing station. Sufficient to say that I am In ‘Blighty’, having a real good spell, for the first time since leaving . I have heard that reinforcements are not available to make up the battalions to their fighting strength. For my part, I am glad conscription has been rejected, but, on the other hand, we must have men to keep us going. Taking things as they are, at present, I foresee at least one of our divisions being broken up to reinforce the others, and one division less means more work for those remaining. God knows they have enough now to do, without more being put on their shoulders.

TRIBUTE TO BRITISH WOMENLieutenant T. Laurie Adam, of Wickham, writing from Third London General Hospital, Wardsworth, under date 10th November, 1917, speaks highly of the great work of the women of England.

“Last Friday was Lord Mayor’s Day. There was a naval, military, and civil procession. In the morning a wealthy businessman, Mr. Howard Williams, came to the hospital with a number of motor omnibuses, and took us away into town, gave us a luncheon, and then arranged seats for us in his shop window. This gave us a view of the whole procession, and it was some procession, too! Sailors, soldiers, munition girls and girl farm workers. We cheered those girls! The work they are doing is absolutely wonderful. Some of the munition girls are quite yellow through working so constantly among explosives, and they cannot live much longer. And yet they had to adopt conscription in a country like England, where more girls are dying a slow death, that we might have sufficient shells out in France. My God! It hurts! And in , the country of which we have all boasted over here, turned conscription down, while the women of England are giving their lives that we might be saved when out on the battlefields of France and Belgium. I wonder what has become of our manhood. Knowing these things, you can quite imagine the pity we felt for these great, grand women, and the spirit we put into that cheering. I hope they understand.”

BELMONTThere was a large gathering in the Belmont Hall on Saturday night to welcome home Private Walter Marks, who has returned from the front. Private Marks left Sydney on May 1, 1916, and landed In England on July 9th, where he remained for four months. He proceeded to France on 21st November, and took part in the big push at Messines, where he was seriously wounded in the chest. After remaining in hospital at Abbeville, on the Somme, for three months, he was transferred to Notley, near Southampton, England on August 8, 1917.

Private Marks speaks highly of the attention he received from the doctors and nurses. It is a very large hospital, a quarter of a mile in length, and accommodates 5000 patients. He left England on December 17th, and arrived in Belmont on February 16th. The hall was nicely decorated with foliage and bunting. The welcome home, which took the form of a social, was presided over by Mr. W. G. Hall. Private Marks was carried on shoulder high by two of his old school mates, Messrs Norman Campbell and Jack Lunn (the former being a returned soldier), the audience singing “Home, Sweet Home.” Mr. Hall said Private Marks had played the man, and on behalf of the residents of Belmont asked his acceptance of a gold medal as a token of their appreciation. Private Marks said he appreciated their action in welcoming him home. He had done his best while away, and would, in the near future, if his health permitted, and his services were required, be willing to again fight for . Refreshments were served by the Red Cross ladies. Votes of thanks were accorded to all who had assisted. The remainder of the evening was spent in dancing.

WICKHAMMrs Bond, the Mayoress of Wickham, has received the following brief letter from Trooper Terrance J. Ganger, Second Light Horse, Palestine, under date January 3:“Just a line of thanks from my comrades and myself to you and the Wickham Patriotic Committee for the Christmas gifts, which we received. I may say that we were all delighted with them. The boys are exceedingly pleased to see that they are not forgotten by the folks of bonny . Best wishes from all.”

ENLISTMENTSStanley Vincent Baker, Tomalla; Ulick Lancelot Bourke, Merewether; Joseph Jacobs, Newcastle; David Haddon McNair, Islington; Basil Wynne Spring, Newcastle.

DEATHSL/Cpl Herbert Leslie Elvin, Cessnock; Sapper Robert John Hampton, Dungog.

Horoscopes: week beginning March 11, 2018

ARIES: The next ten weeks will see a build-up of responsibilities and emphasis on career interests as a deadline looms and passes on April 18. Situations often take time to develop naturally, so this is all par for the course although you may not feel like it at the time. Be prepared for delays in these matters between April 18 and September 6.
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TAURUS: An overseas trip, impending legal matter, or education interest is quite important to Taureans over the coming ten weeks. Situations are not resolved quickly and delays in or around all these matters can be expected between April 18 and September 6. Thorough preparation in these matters brings favourable results.

GEMINI: A matter of financial importance, whether to do with a will, taxation, insurance, superannuation, or partnership income, is emphasised during the coming ten weeks. You need to be patient and practical with these matters, which will take time to work through. Expect delays between April 18 and September 6.

CANCER: Partnership, whether business or personal, naturally provides strength for Cancer but also entails heavy responsibilities. Such matters are currently emphasised, bringing to a head some of these issues in the ten weeks around April 18. Attend to important matters before that date, lest there be delays.

LEO: Leonine characters are carrying a heavy work load, during the next ten weeks, that is likely to be marked by delays due to the nature of that work. Steady efforts and routines make the situation more manageable, but be prepared for increased workload around April 18. Decks may not be cleared for a number of months.

VIRGO: Virgo’s fortunes are building in strength during the next few months, reaching a peak in the weeks around April 18. This can bring a solid opportunity that enhances your life or one of your children. It’s likely that you’ve been working on this for some time and is a work in progress. A great deal of satisfaction is likely to ensue.

LIBRA: There’s strength in numbers and in family, and the next ten weeks will certainly highlight this point. April 18 and the weeks around it is important in this regard, marked by enhanced feelings of security through family and a place to call home. This is likely to be a slowly developing situation, occurring in phases, so expect more later in the year too.

SCORPIO: April 18 and the weeks leading up to it are important for putting plans in place, dealing with transport issues (such as cars), and negotiations. Make the most of this time as it is easier to bring things to fruition before then. Following that date until September 6, these situations can be complicated by delays due to various reasons.

SAGITTARIUS: Sagittarius’ strength in money matters tends to take time to build, particularly where income and wealth are concerned, unless it is inherited. You are working tirelessly towards these ends in the weeks to April 18, but after that date there may be delays for a number of months in financial processing. Keep on top of things!

CAPRICORN: New heights of achievement are attained by Capricorn during the weeks to April 18, when there is a relentless push to bring order and form to your life and living conditions. However, between that date and early September, these energies subside as a natural part of the ebb and flow of living that occurs annually.

AQUARIUS: Aquarians currently require greater patience in dealing with various aspects of their life, particularly at a personal level. Things may not be resolved as quickly as you would like or to your complete satisfaction. This is only for a time. In the meantime, do what you can and bide your time until the timing is right. You will know it when it arrives.

PISCES: Pisceans are building their dreams and bringing them to reality at the moment, or at least putting the elementary aspects of these goals into place at the moment. There’s much to be done in the weeks to April 18 so don’t waste time, but don’t overdo it either. If not all is in place by then, there’ll be further opportunities later in the year.

© Alison Moroney, 2018 [email protected]苏州楼凤www.alisonmoroney苏州楼凤

Melbourne firies get generous leave deal

A new enterprise agreement could see Victorian firies take 196 days off work a year with full pay.Victorian taxpayers will fork out $150 million for a new pay deal for Melbourne firefighters that includes almost 200 days personal and other leave a year.
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Metropolitan Fire Brigade firefighters will vote on the long-awaited enterprise bargaining agreement on Friday

United Firefighters Union secretary Peter Marshall said technically firefighters could take all that leave but they’d have to have someone die in the family, be adopting someone, be a carer for a family member and be in an abusive relationship.

“So it is a nonsense to say they have got that much leave,” he told AAP.

“We did a comparison in the building industry and it is almost the same if you add up all the leaves. All those leaves are industry standards.”

State Emergency Services Minister James Merlino said on Tuesday the agreement cost is “in the order of $150 million and that’s fully accounted for in the budget”.

“If you’re in a burning home and you’ve got a firefighter bashing through the door to save you and your children, do you think you care what they’re paid or what allowances they receive?”

The deal reportedly includes a $1200 second language allowance and an “availability allowance” for commanders worth 5.5 per cent of their salary.

Firefighters who have been on the job for more than two years will be eligible for 99 days of personal and sick leave a year, on top of 65 days’ annual leave.

By comparison, frontline Ambulance Victoria paramedics are entitled to up to 50 days of annual leave and Victoria Police officers get 45 days.

The agreement also included provisions for 10 days of community service leave and five days of union training, which alongside the state’s 13 public holidays added up to 196 days.

The minister said it wasn’t “a massive increase in leave entitlements”.

“There are various clauses in regards to leave but to think that every firefighter would add every single one of those leave provisions in one year is just completely unrealistic,” he said.

Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commissioner Kristen Hilton reportedly raised concerns with Mr Merlino and the MFB board over the deal just days before the latter endorsed it.

The commissioner has been investigating both the Country Fire Authority and MFB and its report has been tangled up in a legal bid by the United Firefighters Union to block its release.

However, details of the report were leaked to The Age which on Tuesday reported on claims of entrenched bullying, “everyday sexism” and a “hyper-masculine culture” in the MFB.

Opposition emergency services spokesman Brad Battin wants Friday’s vote delayed until the report is released publicly in full.

Opposition Leader Matthew Guy called the deal a “stinking, rorting mess” and repeated his pledge for a royal commission into the fire services if the coalition wins government in November.

The saga involving the MFB and CFA pay deals saw former emergency service minister Jane Garrett resign in 2016 and a succession of fire service executives quit.

Raiders bench Blake Austin for NRL opener

Blake Austin has been benched for Canberra’s NRL opener this weekend against Gold CoastCanberra have thrown up a round-one NRL selection shock, benching former Dally M five-eighth of the year Blake Austin.
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Returning Raider Sam Williams will start, relegating Austin – who is out of contract at the end of this season – to the sidelines for Sunday’s clash on the Gold Coast with the Titans.

Williams started in the Raiders’ only trial game against Canterbury, but it was expected the 27-year-old Austin would get first crack at continuing his partnership in the halves with Aidan Sezer.

After a year away from Canberra playing in the Super League with Wakefield, Williams said he was not expecting the early call-up.

“Probably even up until a couple of weeks ago at training, I wasn’t exactly thinking I was a certainty to start in round one; I just wanted to give myself an opportunity to be in the 17,” Williams told reporters on Tuesday.

Williams said being without star hooker Josh Hodgson due to a knee injury had forced coach Ricky Stuart to switch the team around.

“Obviously losing Hodgso, the dynamics of the team has changed a bit and Ricky’s looked at that and felt I could play a role within the team,” Williams said.

“That role is starting the footy game and I just want to go out there and take the opportunity now.”

Hodgson’s replacement at No.9 will be Siliva Havili, with the former St George-Illawarra player getting an opportunity to make the spot his own until the England international returns.

Havili has not played a NRL match since round 14 in 2016 in a Dragons loss to Canterbury.

Stuart has consistently said there will not be just one replacement for Hodgson.

Havili, Sezer and Bulldogs recruit Craig Garvey all spent time there during the trial game.

“The way we’ve been attacking Hodgo’s injury and the empty position is in numbers,” Stuart said in February.

“We’ve got three halves and two hookers and I’m really happy with how they’ve been handling it and committing in the off-season.”

Western Force to play invitational series

Billionaire Andrew Forrest has announced seven international rugby games for the axed Western Force.Billionaire Andrew Forrest has announced a series of seven invitational matches for axed Super Rugby club Western Force this year, grandly titled World Series Rugby (WSR).
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The matches, to be played at Perth’s nib Stadium, will pit a new-look Western Force team against Pacific nations Fiji, Tonga and Samoa plus Hong Kong and Super Rugby outfits the Melbourne Rebels and Crusaders between May and August.

A Japanese team is likely to round out the competition.

The clash with the Rebels will pit the Force against their former coach Dave Wessels and many former teammates, who signed thereafter the Force were axed from Super Rugby by n rugby’s national body.

Forrest promised WSR would evolve into an international competition for the Asia Pacific region in 2019, something he had been trying to get up for 2018.

“The focus for 2018 is to reintroduce and reinforce professional rugby in Western for the benefits of our grassroots community, our players and our fans,” Forrest said.

“In 2019, the WSR will evolve into a high-calibre, international competition with the goal of making rugby the community-building sport of Asia.”

New initiatives and changes in the rules will be trialled during the WSR, including a try being worth 10 points and a time frame for scrums and lineouts.

Former Wallabies great Michael Lynagh, who is serving as an advisor, believed an innovative revamp would make the game “faster and more exciting”.

“We want to keep the ball in play and really reward the skills,” he said.

“There is a real support and groundswell to bring rugby to the forefront, where it was a little time ago.

“If we have to change the game then let’s do that because it is a competitive environment here in with all the other sports.”

Western Force chief executive Nick Marvin confirmed negotiations were ongoing for the WSR to be televised on free-to-air television.

Tuggeranong Vikings coach Tim Sampson will lead the squad, which contains 11 former Force players and some familiar names in former Springboks centre Jacque Fourie, Peter Grant, Chris Alcock and Rod Davies.

Western Force squad: Aj Alatimu, Chris Alcock, Marcel Brache, Masivesi Dakuwaqa, Rod Davies, Andrew Deegan, Tevin Ferris, Jaque Fourie, Josh Furno, Peter Grant, Chris Heiberg, Rodney Iona, Feleti Kaitu’u, Brad Lacey, Kieran Longbottom, Ryan Louwrens, Cameron Orr, Harrison Orr, Leon Power, Ian Prior, Harry Scoble, Tom Sheminant, Brynard Stander, Elliot Turner, Clay Uyen, Fergus Lee Warner.

WSR invitational matches in 2018: May 4 v Fiji, May 13 v Tonga, June 9 v Rebels, June 22 v Crusaders, July 13 v Samoa, Aug 10 v Hong Kong, Aug 17 TBA.

Darby Street Live announces massive line-up bursting at the seams with Newcastle’s ‘fantastic talent’photos

LOCAL TALENTS: The Darby Street mini-music festival is set to host a number of local bands and acts, including Tip Jar Song Competition winner Paris Grace. There’s a massive line-up descending on Darby Street this March for a debut ‘micro music festival’, and it’s bursting at the seams with plenty of local talents.
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That’s one of the main aims of Darby Street Live and its “intimate settings”, and Lord Mayor Nuatali Nelmes is excited to see the “fantastic talent of the city’s live musicians” showcased.

“Newcastle has always been known for its vibrant live music scene and we are determined for this to continue,” she said.

Read:Captain Retro returns on the long road to Aruba

“This festival is all about creating great sounds in small spaces, and the range of artists in the line-up means there is something for everyone.”

Darby Street to host live music mini-festival Amos and Emily.

Banjo Beats.

Ben Allsop.

Bravo Victor.

Cherry Stain.

Cygan Groove.

Dawn Laird.

DJ Lowblow.

DJ Pureblonde.

E4444E.

Eastside Grammar.

Fritz.

Georgie Jones.

Gillian Redmond.

Jackets.

Jacquie Lomas.

Jye Sharp.

Looseleaf IV.

Mac Da Villian.

Milkmans Daughter.

Paris Grace.

Pep-C.

Shrimp.

Skivvy Season.

Wavevom.

TweetFacebookDarby Street Live, full line-upParis Grace, Gillian Redmond, Jye Sharp,FRITZ,Benn Allsop,E4444E,Skivvy Season,Dawn Laird,Talakai,Bravo Victor,Jacquie Lomas,Eastside Grammar,Jackets,Pep-C,Cygan Groove,Banjo Beats,Amos & Emily,Cherry Stain,Shrimp Garbage,Looseleaf IV,Wavevom Surf,Milkmans Daughter,Georgie Rose,Mac Da Villain,DJ Lowblow,DJ Pureblonde.

The Holocaust survivor who led a humble life as a BHP rigger in Newcastle

A Newcastle life: Michael Matz, left, when he worked at BHP in Newcastle as a rigger.Michael Matz obscured his past so well and for so long that for many years it seemed his life had begun in Newcastle, , in 1952. In fact he had been born 30 years earlier on the other side of the world to a large Jewish family and an old culture whose legacy would linger through his long life.
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But the war years so devastated his past that the best way to counter their aftermath, he figured, was with silence. He spent 30 years working at BHP’s steelworks in Newcastle, with few opportunities to exchange stories with survivors, had he so desired. By the time he retired he had belatedly anglicised his birth name, Moishe, the distinctly Yiddish name that was one of the last outward pointers to his past, and he was looking forward to an easier future.

But time and age wore down the defences he had spent his post-war life constructing, and history began to see into his dreams and his consciousness.

When he speaks of his former life now, which he does willingly but not happily, it is in a long and continuous flow. His gaze is slightly askew, and his expression mostly sad as he sits in his favourite chair. Then he rises slowly, rustles through a dresser drawer of CDs, selects one, and the sound of old Yiddish songs fills his small lounge room.

In a language no one around him can understand, he sings of love that can burn and never end, of a heart that can yearn and cry without tears. He sings loudly and with gusto, oblivious to the noise spilling out onto the inner-city street, and only then, as his eyes well and an enormous smile spreads across his face, does he exhibit joy.

Early Days: Michael Matz, left, and his brother Eliezer, in the 1930s.

He is a child of Wilno (now Vilnius,the capital of Lithuania), but when he was born there in 1923 it was a Polish city whose tens of thousands of Jewish inhabitants ensured that Yiddish was widely spoken. His father was a printer, his mother fairly observant, and he had two brothers and two sisters.

He was still in his teens when Germany occupied his town, and he saw the first of many roundups of Jewish families, dragged from their homes and sent to nearby Ponary, where 100,000 people would be massacred between 1941 and 1944.

Somehow his house missed that first roundup, but before long he and his family were forced into the city’s ghetto where they moved into his grandmother’s empty house; she had already been taken to Ponary and was presumed dead.

As life for Jews steadily worsened, a neighbour arranged for him to travel by truck to another town, Lida; in their last conversation, his mother told him she though he would be safer there.

A massacre in 1942quickly changed that notion. Of the 7000 Jews thought to have been in Lida, he was among 1500 to have survived. He was rounded up again and sent to Estonia to work in coalmines, and then taken to the concentration camp Buchenwald (laterliberated by US troops).

After the war, he planned to return to Wilno. But when he heard that there were no Jews there, he headed for a displaced persons’ camp near Munich, with plans to move to Israel. Instead he met a local woman. They married in 1951, and arrived in in 1952 with their young daughter, Eva.

Theother surviving member of his family, his brother Eliezer, died in Israel in 2015.

IN MICHAEL’S OWN WORDS“I had a hard time after the war, very lonely. I had no family; I feel guilty even now about being the last one alive.

“I can remember a little bit about what my family looked like; I don’t have any photographs.

“My mother was a thin woman. My father was not fat.

“The older sister was like a mother. She married a teacher from school. Sometimes I see people who look like my younger sister.

“Afterwards, I didn’t think much about the things that happened. I wanted to make a new life, to make up for what I had missed when I was young. I had to catch up on girls, on food, dancing.

I” moved to Bad Tölz, in Germany, and stayed for five years. A friend of mine, a Holocaust survivor, was doing some business there, and I rented a room; it was more like back-to-normal life than being in the DP camp. We had a little Jewish community of survivors, a synagogue, I worked in a Jewish socks factory. We had a group, Jewish boys playing up a bit, having a drink and going to the dances. We had everything we wanted.

“I never thought about getting married. I just thought about having some company, having some sex. The Jewish girls were looking for a rich Jewish man — some were more successful than others on the black market. But I didn’t have much luck. And Otti didn’t worry if I was rich or not.

New home: Michael Matz, his wife Otti, and their daughter Eva in 1952, the year they arrived in . Photo courtesy of Eva Richardson.

“I had seen her walking on the street. She lived in the same town and one night we met near my place, it was nearly midnight. I was thinking about going to Israel when she asked me to marry her.

“I said, ‘I can’t marry you. You’re German.’ Then we both started to cry. She said, ‘Why not?’ I thought how could I marry a German girl after they’d done all the things to us? But she had nothing to do with it -and I liked her, she was the real thing.

“Did her family accept me? Yes and no. Her brother didn’t trust me at first. But later it was ok. Both her parents had died and her sisters were pretty good. They never mentioned the Holocaust. We didn’t want to upset the relationship by talking about it.

“It was not an easy time for us after the war because some people were against our relationship. ‘How can you marry a German girl?’ They didn’t actually say it but I could see it in their reaction.

“It was harder for her than me after. I was tougher. We both had bad things said to us but we got over it. It was hurting but later on we said we won’t react. As long as we’re together, that’s the main thing.

“We started to build our lives here in Newcastle. They put us in a camp in Nelson Bay, gave us a job. I had to get up at 4 am to get all the way to work. We didn’t have enough money to buy a chocolate at first; we couldn’t afford to buy fruit. But I had a job, what a beauty, and wages and money. Then we started to live.

Long life: Michael Matz in 2016.

“The steel works had about 12,000 people. They all knew I was Jewish. I secretly wondered about some of the people I worked with, what they’d been up to during the war. There was a Russian; we used to knock around together. I said to him one day, ‘Another bloke told me you were really a German, and that’s why you came to .’ ‘No,’ he said, ‘I wasn’t working for the Germans. I was only wearing their uniform coat. It was winter time, cold.”

“I didn’t believe him. If you eat onions you smell. But what could I do? We worked together day by day. I couldn’t find out the truth. It would’ve been nice if there were more people to talk to, more survivors.

“I never regretted coming here. It’s the best country ever. My life out of 10? Now you talk like a doctor. I am quite happy. I would give it 10. I enjoy what I do. I enjoy my food. I enjoy my little jobs. I potter around in the garden, water the lawn, that’s about all.

“I think about the fact that now I can have whatever my heart wants, good things like herrings. But I still can’t eat more than my stomach will take. When we go shopping and people buy and buy I say to my daughter, ‘Look at this country you can get whatever you want.’ I had nothing and now I can have anything. I can’t get over it.

“I’ve got no hatred of anybody. All the things the bastards did to us, I don’t dwell on it, otherwise you would go crazy. But I remember the war every night. The dreams are terrible. I dream I go in the forest and I try to hide under a bush and I can’t, there’s somebody else there. I wake up, walk around and go back to sleep.

“Talking has a reaction on me. Last night, after we spoke, I couldn’t fall asleep, I had to take some medicine at 10o’clock. I will think for a little while after I finish this interview but then I’ll try to forget. I will have to. You can’t think about it all the time. It’s no good for you. What can you do? The people are dead. They don’t feel anything.

“Nobody can understand what I have gone through. Nobody will ever understand. But I try not to think about it. You’ve got to get on with life. You can’t change it. You’ve lost everybody, and that’s it.

(Editor’s note:Michael Matz died in October, 2017, He was 94 years old.)

We Are Here: Talking with ’s oldest Holocaust Survivorsby Fiona Harari (Scribe $29.99). Available at MacLean’s Booksellers and all good bookshops.

Cowboys seek NRL clearance for Todd Carney

North Queensland are set to offer Todd Carney a one-year deal, subject to NRL clearance.Months ago, North Queensland coach Paul Green says he flatly refused an initial approach from controversial playmaker Todd Carney.
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But the Cowboys’ mentor says he wants to offer Carney another NRL lifeline, after the half had knuckled down and “realised what he had lost” since training with feeder club Northern Pride.

Green on Tuesday confirmed they were investigating registering Carney for an apparent one-year deal.

It represents a fourth chance for Carney who has already been sacked by Canberra, the Sydney Roosters and Cronulla.

Carney’s fate rests with the NRL integrity unit.

The Cowboys made the Carney request despite Brisbane copping criticism for signing Matt Lodge after he escaped conviction over a 2015 New York drunken rampage.

“We got asked about the opportunity when he first signed with the Pride (last year) and we flatly refused that because we believe he had to prove that he was fair dinkum about some of the stuff he was saying,” Green said.

“Without having that NRL carrot dangled in front of him, he went back, knuckled down and trained well with the Pride and, off field, he has been good.”

The 2010 Dally M Medallist hasn’t played in NRL since 2014 after being sacked for the infamous ‘bubbler’ incident.

He told the Nine Network on Monday night he was a “different Todd” and had matured in recent years after a litany of off-field controversies blighted his career.

Carney spent two seasons with Super League’s Catalans Dragons before shifting last year to Salford.

“We’d like to think most people deserve a second chance,” Green said.

“Some people may say it is not his second chance but I think he has realised what he has lost in the last few years being over in Super League (UK) and he’s pretty passionate about having another crack at the NRL.

“There is a fair bit of water to go under the bridge before we can confirm anything but all I can say is that at this stage the club is investigating it.”

Asked if he thought Carney had learned, Green said: “Time will tell.

“But to be fair, Todd has done everything asked of him since he has been back.”

Former Roosters teammate Jake Friend believed Carney could be a great fit at North Queensland.

“He’s a quality player and, if you know Toddy, he’s a good guy. He’s done his time overseas and I’d love to see him get a crack at the NRL again,” he said.

“If he can regain the form he had before he went away, he can be a big thing for the Cowboys.”

A NRL spokesman said no contract had yet been lodged to register Carney.

“If a contract is lodged, we will consider it on its merits.

“Any club seeking to register him would need to demonstrate what changes he has made to his life since he was previously in the NRL.

“We would need to be convinced that he is fit and proper to be part of the NRL.”

NSW government to put cap on pokies

High-risk communities in NSW will have their number of gaming machines capped under new laws.Communities in NSW already vulnerable to gambling won’t be able to get more pokies under new laws proposed by the NSW government.
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But the NSW Greens and the Alliance for Gambling Reform say the proposed reforms won’t solve the current pokie crisis in the state.

Under the gambling reform legislation, which was introduced to state parliament on Tuesday, 20 per cent of the state would be unable to have additional poker machines.

“Communities considered to be more vulnerable to gambling will be a no-go zone for additional machines,” NSW Racing Minister Paul Toole told reporters on Tuesday.

High-risk communities will be decided based on their socio-economic level as determined by the n Bureau of Statistics.

Socio-economic factors will now have a 70 per cent weighting when regulators assess gaming machine applications.

Much of western Sydney including Fairfield, Liverpool, Cabramatta, Horsley Park and Bankstown will be capped as well as parts of the Hunter region, mid north coast and country towns in western NSW.

Fairfield in Sydney’s west is one of the biggest poker machine hotspots, with more than 3300 machines in clubs in the area compared to 118 in Woollahra in Sydney’s east.

However, any applications for additional machines made before Tuesday will be exempt from the proposed legislation and will instead be assessed under the old regulations.

The proposed reforms have been slammed by the NSW Greens who say they don’t include the measures which stop the addictive features of the machines which exploit people.

“They don’t rein in predatory behaviour from clubs and hotels to maximise profits and they don’t keep people and communities safe,” Greens MP Justin Field said in a statement on Tuesday.

Mr Field called on the government to introduce one dollar maximum bets and come up with a plan to rapidly reduce the number of pokies across the state.

“A cap on poker machines in vulnerable areas won’t have a real impact on harm if pokies remain embedded in our communities in clubs and hotels and these addictive machines continue to exploit vulnerable people,” he said.

Alliance for Gambling Reform NSW spokeswoman Allison Keogh said the government was failing to protect ordinary people.

“Councils like Fairfield already have more machines than the whole of Tasmania,” she said in a statement on Tuesday.

Ms Keogh said the number of machines in areas such as Fairfield needed to be reduced not just capped.

The reforms also include increased penalties for wagering, making operators personally liable if they offer unlawful inducements and will bolster measures to address problem gambling across the state.

Some of the current local government area hotspots for gaming machines in hotels and clubs include Blacktown, Canterbury-Bankstown, Cumberland, Fairfield, Sydney’s inner west, Central Coast, and Sydney city.

Govt wants to crack down on online trolls

Federal Minister for Women Kelly O’Dwyer plans to crack down on online trolls.Social media and tech giants will be hauled in for regular meetings as the Turnbull government’s new minister for women seeks to crack down on online bullying and internet trolls.
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Marking International Women’s Day, Kelly O’Dwyer used her first major speech in the portfolio to announce she would hold quarterly meetings with Facebook, Google, Twitter, Microsoft and Instagram.

Also present at the meetings will be Communications Minister Mitch Fifield, Sex Discrimination Commissioner Kate Jenkins and eSafety Commissioner Julie Inman-Grant.

“I think it’s very important that they get a perspective from women and the impact that these online tools can have on women,” Ms O’Dwyer told the National Press Club on Tuesday.

“Those regular meetings will mean that we hold their feet to the fire, we make sure that where they have policies (on bullying and abuse) that those policies don’t sit on a shelf, that they are properly instituted and they’re properly enforced.”

The government was also not afraid of further strengthening laws if needed to protect vulnerable people online, as it is with revenge porn legislation now before parliament.

Ms O’Dwyer also announced a massive expansion of the sex discrimination commission’s five-yearly survey on workplace sexual harassment to this year cover 10,000 participants, up from 2000 previously.

The survey results will be released in April and the minister said the government would examine in particular how workplaces are taking account of sexual harassment in the social media age.

“As the ‘me too’ movement continues to sweep the world, we need to think about the implications, both good and bad, that come with airing allegations in a public forum,” she said.

“Social media is not a courtroom and complainants – and those who are the subject of complaints – can be subject to trial by keyboard warriors.

“We need to be careful that this public push doesn’t silence the very women it wants to help.”

Ms O’Dwyer also hinted the government may use the May budget to match Labor’s pledge to re-fund the n Bureau of Statistics to conduct regular “time use” surveys, which allow for the economic benefit of unpaid caring and work in the home to be calculated.

Greens out to ‘destroy’ with EU roo trip

Senator Lee Rhiannon has been slammed for promoting a documentary critical of kangaroo culling.The Greens have been accused of spreading lies and trying to destroy the kangaroo meat industry while meeting with European politicians.
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Federal Agriculture Minister David Littleproud slammed Senator Lee Rhiannon over her visit to Brussels, where she is promoting a controversial documentary that questions the extent of kangaroo culling in .

The EU is a key market for the $175 million industry as the biggest importer of premium cuts.

But the Greens senator and the filmmaker behind Kangaroo: A Love-Hate Story say the practices involved in harvesting 1.6 million wild roos annually need to be exposed.

Senator Rhiannon is leading a three-person delegation that’s due to meet with European Parliament members on Tuesday about what they argue are the “major risks” to the marsupial’s future.

She says population and growth rates are inflated and that millions of undocumented dependent joeys are killed every decade.

Government regulation advises the young of culled animals be euthanised with a blunt object as soon as possible.

“We will use the evidence to show that kangaroos are in trouble,” Senator Rhiannon said.

Mr McIntyre, who self-funded the film with Kate McIntyre Clere, says in undertaking a wider examination of the cultural icon, he was shocked to discover the methods used to kill the animals.

He says he isn’t out to destroy the industry.

“But do we really want to be bashing joeys’ heads against tow bars?” he said.

The senator, who funded her own trip, and the filmmaker were separately invited to the Brussels premiere hosted by Dutch political party Party for the Animals.

The agriculture minister accused Senator Rhiannon of spreading false information in a significant export market.

“It’s absolutely disgusting that she would go over there and try and destroy the kangaroo industry that has huge potential for jobs in regional ,” Mr Littleproud told reporters on Tuesday.

About five million roos were harvested in the three years to 2015 from a population of about 45 million, according to government data.

ANU zoologist George Wilson says animal activists’ arguments against factory farming can be supported by some evidence but likened those against roo harvesting to a “noisy minority” in the climate change debate.

“In this case, all they have is their ideology running a line that really does not bear any scientific scrutiny,” Dr Wilson said.

The film, which screened in the US ahead of Day, is due to have its n premiere in Sydney on March 13.

What you need to know from ABARES’ Outlook 2018

National farm commodities forecaster, Agricultural Bureau of Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) has released its latest forecastsfor the agricultural industry as part of today’s Outlook conferencein Canberra.
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Poor global grain prices and a seasonally-stressed national grain harvest will wipe five per cent off the gross value of ’s farm production this financial year, but farmers are still expected to reap historically solid average incomes in 2017-18.

ABARESis tipping farm production to be worth $59 billion in 2017-18, then to recover in 2018-19 to $61b, and $63b (in current dollar values) by 2022.

The minor setback in the overall value of ’s farm sector did not dampen the enthusiasm of Agriculture Minister David Littleproud, who opened proceedings in his first Outlook conference in the portfolio.

Mr Littleproud said the future was optimistic with 1.2pc growth forecast for both the overall sector and exports, tipped to reach $63b and $50b by 2023, respectively.

“This shows we’re headed in the right direction,” Mr Littleproud said.

Read more here.

Here’s what is in store for individual commodities:Hot global beef competition to flow back to the saleyardSenior government agriculture economists appear to be putting more weight in international beef trade dynamics than other analysts, forecasting a 15 per cent fall in saleyard cattle prices this financial year as a flow-on of red hot competition in markets like Japan and the United States.

ABAREShas the 2017-18 weighted average saleyard price of beef cattle at 455 cents per kilogram, which is slightly lower than many in the industry expected.

Read more here.

Global wheat market weak to 2023The global wheat market is expected to remain subdued beyond 2023, with rising production in the Black Sea regionset to push prices tonear-record lows.

The world wheat indicator price is forecast to rise modestly by 6 per cent in 2018-19 to $234, up from US$221 last year.

In response toconsecutive years of low prices, major exportnations are forecast to curb production to 742 million tonnes, following a 1pc reduction in the area planted to wheat.

Read more here

Pay day for sheep farmersn sheep farmers are cashing in on historic meat and wool prices, as average farm income for the sector hits a 20-year high of $170,000 this financial year.

Figures from ABARESreleased today show sheep producers received an estimated 35 per cent pay rise, on the back of 6pc rise in saleyard prices for lamb and a lucrative 15pc spike in wool prices.

The hero of sheep farmers’ pay rise is wool’s significant growth in prices.

Read more here.

Global growth signals upsidefor cotton growersGlobal cotton prices are in for a bumpy ride in coming years, according to the ABARES 2018 Outlook report.

Good prices and favourable growing conditions have driven an increase in cotton supplies, spurring a forecast 2 per cent drop in Cotlook A index global indicator, taking it to US81 cents per pound in 2017–18 (the August to July marketing year).

However, increasing global demand for cotton driven by a growing global economy is expected to deliver a 5pc rise to 85 cents per pound in 2018-19.

Read about the full outlook here.

Nuts and fruit helping hort to soarFruit and nuts are set to drive n horticulture’s production value to $13.6 billion in 2022-23.

The healthy forecast comes from the ABARESOutlook 2018 report for the March quarter, released today.

Much of that optimism comes from a rise in exports of n nuts and fruit, particularly to the seemingly insatiable Chinese appetite.

Read more here.

Milk production on the riseUsing incomes, more people and the ongoing Westernisation of diets will continue to fuel demand for dairy products on a global stage, underpinning prospects for increased production in .

Analysts with the ABARESsay world dairy prices will average higher this financial year but growth in the volume of exportable supplies after that will see most prices fall marginally.

World supplies are expected to grow faster than demand as major exporting countries, including , expand output.

Read the full outlook here.

Avos continue their cautious climbThe staggering growth of the n avocado industry has prompted many observers to ask if the avo bubble will ever burst.

According to the ABARES, while the sailing is currently smooth for the sector, there are some potential submerged obstacles that could be approaching.

A three-year wait time for nursery trees is a commonly referred-to figure within the industry but the mass plantings of recent years could soon create some nervous growers.

Read more here.

Other nations look to get in on ‘s “clean green” hort export strategy might trade off its quality and “green” status but it’s a strategy its export competitors are increasingly copying.

A special report within today’s ABARESOutlook 2018 agricultural commodities report casts a spotlight on ‘s comparative advantages for exporting fresh produce.

While it outlines that global demand has been growing strongly and is expected to continue, there are increasing moves by other southern hemisphere nations, and even China, to lift environmental farming status and produce quality, moves that could cause alarm for Aussie growers.

Read more here.

Blueberry production leaps aheadThen blueberry industry has more than doubled its production in the past five years.

The impressive figure comes from ABARES’ Outlook 2018 agricultural commodities report for the March quarter.

The report puts the significant growth down, in part, to extensive plantings now coming online.

n production has leapt to 6800 tonnes, with a bigger goal on the horizon.

Read more here.

Pineapples facing import competitionThe long-established pineapple industry faces a tough road ahead with imported processed fruit jostling for shelf space.

Pineapples are given a special mention within the ABARES’Outlook 2018 agricultural commodities report for the March quarter, released today.

In 2015–16 the n pineapple industry reported having 1176 hectares of non-bearing area to contribute to future production (equivalent to 73 per cent of 2015–16 bearing area).

Read more here.

Here’s what was being said online:

Tigers re-sign Hardwick as AFL coach

Premiership-winning Richmond AFL coach Damien Hardwick has signed a new three-year deal.Premiership mentor Damien Hardwick is set to become Richmond’s longest-serving AFL coach after signing a three-year contract extension.
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Hardwick has coached the Tigers in 182 AFL games and will pass club legends Tom Hafey (248 games) and Jack Dyer (222) with the new deal.

The 45-year-old, appointed in late 2009 after Terry Wallace’s sacking, is tied to the club until the end of the 2021 season.

The mastermind of last year’s upset grand-final win over Adelaide was mobbed by his players on Tuesday when chief executive Brendon Gale told them the news at Punt Road.

“Four finals series in five years, culminating in a drought-breaking premiership, was massive for the club,” Gale said in his address.

“Huge credit to him, huge credit to the coaching department, the football department, huge credit for the extent to which he’s invested and committed to you guys and huge credit to the way you’ve committed to him as well.

“It’s obvious in the way you played (last year) so, on that basis, no surprise – we’re going to extend his contract for three years out to 2021.”

The move caps a stunning comeback for Hardwick who had been under intense pressure to keep his job when the Tigers slumped to 13th at the end of the 2016 season.

He underwent a period of reflection and soul-searching after that ill-fated campaign and adopted a fresh approach before the 2017 season that culminated in the club’s first premiership since 1980.

“Damien just stripped it right back,” Gale told SEN radio.

“He’s at his best when he’s fully present, he’s there for his players and working on building that most-basic connection.

“If you’ve got that right, then you can work on the game plans and the tactics.

“I think for him to do that in his seventh year … I think he deserves enormous credit.”